Quetta is the capital of Balochistan, Pakistan and the ninth largest city of Pakistan. It is located in north western Balochistan near the Pakistan-Afghanistan border and a trade and communication centre between the two countries. Quetta has an area of 2,653 km2 (1,024 sq miles) and consists of series of small river valleys which act as a natural fort surrounded on all sides by hills; (Chiltan, Takatoo, Murdar and Zarghun).
The city is known as the fruit garden or fruit basket of Pakistan. It has numerous fruit orchards which produce a large variety of fruits. The whole city is surrounded by huge and beautiful mountains with rich fauna and flora.
Quetta has a high semi-arid climate with a significant variation between summer and winter temperatures. Summer starts about late May and goes on until early September with average temperatures ranging from 24–26 °C.
Hanna Lake nestles in the hills 10 km east of the city, is a turquoise body of water that contrasts markedly with the bare surrounding hills. It is an attractive destination for vacationers, with facilities for boat hire.
The Hazarganji Chiltan National Park, 20 km south-west of Quetta, Markhors is a protected park area. The name of the park, “Hazarganji” literally means” of a thousand treasures” is spread over 32,500 acres (132 km2). The Chiltan Hill Viewpoint in the park provides a panoramic view of the city.
An important landmark in Ziarat is the Quaid-e-Azam Residency, where the founder of Pakistan Mohammad Ali Jinnah spent his last few days. From 8 km to Ziarat is the shrine of highly revered saint, Kharwari Baba.
Quetta is home to three famous traditional bazaars, or markets, for shoppers who enjoy bargaining for local goods. Kandahari Bazaar is located on Shahrah-e-Iqbal. Liaqat Bazaar,), various shopping malls, Jinnah Road and Millennium and Suraj Gang Bazaar are located on Shahrah-e-Liaqat. The bazaars offer local handicrafts, especially world-famous Balochi mirror embroidery found on carpets and clothing. Additionally, you can find fur coats, jackets, vests, jewelry and sandals at the bazaars.
The Pashtun traditional dishes such as Kadi kebab and Lamb Roast and Balochi Saji and other traditional dishes are available around the city especially at Prince Road, Jinnah Road, Serena Hotel. The Pashtun tribal cuisine “Roast”, which non-locals call “Namkin”, is served in city restaurants as well as in the outlying areas. Some of the finest mutton in the country is raised around Quetta and is a mainstay of local cuisine. Restaurants include Usmania, Tabaq, Green Hotel, Gulab Hotel, Lal Kabab, and the Abasin Hotel all of which serve both Pakistani and western food while the Café China is one of the oldest Chinese restaurants.